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This article is the second in a series to address the subject of Document Control. The series addresses the storage, retrieval, internal use and distribution of electronic information. The first article focussed on file naming conventions. This particular article (in 4 parts) deals with 'Internal Filing Systems' for external and internal documents in an architectural practice. The various documents being filed may be related to the management of the practice, the management of a project or to resource materials available.
Part 3 discusses considerations for the filing of documents related to the management of a project.
Project Management Files
A project filing system needs to be able to accommodate small or limited scope projects as well as large full service projects. One way to do this is to use a hierarchical filing structure with each successive level providing a more fine-grained file classification.
At the highest level, the folders for a project may be organized as follows:
|\Project||Top level folder for a project|
|\A-Marketing||Material produced to win the project (Client research, RFP & response, Presentations) or to assist client in selling the project|
| \B-Agreements &
|Client/Consultant contracts, Insurances and Claims, Client satisfaction documents, and accounting files|
|\C-Procedures & Criteria||Team organization, Client’s program, Execution plan,|
|\D-Management||Project management, Project work plan, Budget and estimates, Time schedules, Document management, Issue tracking|
|\E-Drawings||CAD/BIM software and add-ins, Drawings, BIM Model|
|\F-Specifications||Archived, Current, and Issues specification files|
|\G-Research||Design research, Site statistics, Code and permit research, Project images, Product brochures|
|\H-Calculations||Energy modelling, AMES calculations, Green building calculations|
|\J-Communications||Email, Correspondence, Meeting minutes, Presentations,|
|\K-Deliverables||Archived copies of: Client approval packages, Bid packages, Bid addenda, Contract documents, Issued packages,|
|\L-Bidding||Prequalifications, Bidders lists, RFI’s, Bids, Substitutions, Negotiations|
|\M-Construction||Contractor Information, Applications for payment, RFIs, SIs and contract changes, Submittals and Substitutions, Testing and inspection reports, Field reports
For example, a portion of the structure may be organized as follows:
The key is to only use the lower levels in the hierarchy when there is sufficient information to warrant it. Most projects would require only a subset of the master structure.
There are no fixed rules about the maximum number of files to keep in a folder before starting to create sub-folders. It is a judgement call based on: 1) how long it takes to scroll through a file list; 2) how often the files will be accessed; 3) will any software used to manipulate the files work with multiple sub-folders; 4) can the files be grouped into a lesser number of sub-folders or will you end up with as many folders as you now have files.|
Each level in a hierarchy uses up a portion of the available maximum length allowed for path and file names. Balance the desire to use easy to read names for folders and file names with the need to stay below the maximum lengths allowed. For example, consider using C03-AfP\ rather than C03 PaymentApplications\ as shown in the example above. The key is to provide a legend for new users and to be consistent in usage.
Software in use
Sometimes a software package will impose a portion of the file structure on you. For example, contract change tracking software may require that specific names be used for folders for PCs, SIs, COs, and CDs, so the software knows where to put the files it creates. Similarly CAD and BIM software may require a particular folder structure. Practices should consult their software vendor or manufacturer to determine what may be required.
If you change the folder organization over time, will your software adapt or will it restrict any changes you can make?